【易学PTE】真题鸡精-阅读单选(更新日期:2018-11-15)

真题机经-阅读单选机经

更新日期

2018-11-15

题目数量

81



1Statement/声明

回忆要点:考到两次了,阅读单选题,内容是一个类似于法院的声明,虽然很短,但是文绉绉的一下子不是特别能看懂,大概就是讲一个新法规颁布了,然后如果有异议的话可以去上诉之类的,然后选项的话,第一个选项是你即可以上诉这个法律,又可以去质疑它ethical;第二个选项是什么忘记了,第三个选项说的是你不可以上诉这个法律法规,但是你可以质疑他的ethical,第四个选项就是把第二个选项开头加个NOT,然后我选了第三个。

2Map/地图

回忆要点:说一个map,好像是个古老的map是给国王看的,上面有coastal啥的,然后选项问我们能推测出什么,我选的是这个map上的city plan上的city已经no longer exist的……别的选项有这个map是为了防御外敌用的,还有给国王专门制作的?这题我感觉我选的80%对吧

3Chinese culture course/中国文化课程

回忆要点:一个关于中国文化课程的介绍,时间、在哪里、讲课人的名字,一大段介绍这个可是关于啥的,但这段不重要,后面有一句讲课程的assessment包括啥,好像是要求些4个written的work和参加tutorial class。题目文:课程的assessment是啥构成的,选项是B:要写作业还要有class involvement。这题非常简单应该100%正确

4Labor force participation/劳动力参与度

回忆要点:讲最近young people labor force participation 变低了4%(貌似好像)第一句话就是。。 然后问young people咋的了(貌似好像)选项我选unemployment rate rose. 但是我没读完就看了个开头,碰上了时间够还是看一下文章吧

5. Insurance/保险

回忆要点:

回忆1.讲international students 需要买oversea healthy insurance,以卧龙岗大学为例,如果学生不喜欢这个保险公司,可以自行换公司。

回忆2.问的是通过文章可以得出什么结论。选项有1 只有international studeng需要买保险 本地不用 2只有本地学生要international不用 3 学生需要自己cover保险 4只有卧龙谷大学的学生要买保险。 文章里说了去AHS这个系统。卧龙谷大学的学生international student需要买保险,在你接受offer的时候可以选择让学校帮你买,这样保险公司就会直接帮你签。你也可以选择自己买别家公司,随时可以换。当保险有限期到期后,你需要自己renew并且pay dirextly。我选了3 student needsto cover their own health,through insurance

5A book/一本书

回忆要点:XX Voyage(这是一本书的名字)人们认为这个voyage是profitable 的 在那个时代这本书被人们认为是Novel。答案我选:这本书还可以被看作是其他目的(因为在那个时代被看作 后面又说这本书其他内容 我觉得暗含意思就是可以看作其他的)

6Pioneers/先锋

回忆要点:讲的什么pioneers, 现是说什么人们不敢说一些东西,然后列举了两个人敢于说, 然后说他们是跟Beethoven andByron(Bryron?)一样的人物。 以上是我对这题的理解。

7British Library/大英图书馆

回忆要点:内容是 British Library is a national library. it welcomes all visitors. but the Reading Section need Pass card.由于太多人,所以服务不周,需要人工审核,如果你有别的需要,工作人员会给予你指引。 选项有 1.进去British library 需要pass card. 2. 进去Reading sector 需要人工审核 3. 一般需要等待时间是几周 4. ....

8Labor markets/劳动力市场

回忆要点:大意是The UK has one of the most flexible labor markets in Europe. // With the active labor market, the young are highly beneficial from it, 讲了一堆年轻人积极找工作,失业率低,很成功什么的. // 最后说There is a program, targeting people who are aged 25 or over, which yet not worked very well. Therefore, we need to make some changes on it. 问: Why is the unemployment rate low for young in the UK, because the young ....? 选: is in active employment market. 干扰: benefits from the program (文中强调说这个项目运行地不好) 干扰: suits the flexible labor market (后半句话是对的,但好像没有说到年轻人suits) 干扰: more successful than people over 25 (没有比较这两个)

9Class-dominant theory/阶级优势理论

The class-dominant theory argues that the media reflects and projects the view of a minority elite, which controls it. Those people who own and control the corporations that produce media comprise this elite. Advocates of this view concern themselves particularly with massive corporate mergers of media organizations, which limit competition and put big business at the reins of media – especially news media. Their concern is that when ownership is restricted, a few people then have the ability to manipulate what people can see or hear. For example, owners can easily avoid or silence stories that expose unethical corporate behaviour or hold corporations responsible for their actions.

回忆要点:选: distrust large media organisations 干扰: are anti-competitive 干扰: are the minority 还有一个选项肯定是错的,忘了是啥

10Elizabeth portrait/伊丽莎白画像 #4542 2018-08

回忆要点:Elizabeth portrait: owned to a private person called(文章写的是life portrait, followed by xxx人名)其他的文章说may from Italy(选项说from Italy所以没选)portrait life (选项说的portrait life before painting所以没选)选项是Elizabeth最喜欢的 文章没提

11Electricity/电 #4503 2018-08

回忆要点:一段文字加一张图,图上是好多年以来innovation的列表,大概有10个,选D:electricity是最好的发明因为它的啥啥性,那个词不认识,但是意思是“电”可以和很多发明联系起来并且serve它们

12Lighthouse/灯塔

回忆要点:欧洲国家有一航空公司收购一个灯塔改造成旅馆,很多国际旅客想体验,旅游人数增加。答案是航空公司拥有这个小旅馆

13Divorce/离婚 #4501 2018-08

回忆要点:英国,离婚之都,因为法律参考有钱人案例分给女方钱多。答案选 给女方钱多。

14Dark matter/暗物质

回忆要点:

回忆1.讲宇宙中的暗物质dark matter,这题记得不全。 第一段,We found most matters in the universe are dark. ..... But what is the dark matter? And how can astronomers detect things in the dark? 第二段,Erik Verlinde uses the term gravitational lensing to explain the dark matter. 后面展开解释什么是gravitational lensing。 选项待补充...

回忆2.暗物质,阅读单选考过,纠结了许久,选项中有解决了space和time,还有啥也忘了

回忆3.开始说到darkness matter,但是后面都是说那个lense,有个人写了关于这个lense的书,问题是问的这个书的作者怎么怎么样 一共5个选项。选项有 说这个作者解决了universe的很多谜团。这个是不对的。 中间三个选项失忆。。说是universe怎么了的好像都不对,重点是那个lense。 最后一个选项说这个文章的作者admire这个书的作者。这个我选了,因为文章里作者用了很正面的词表达。

15Email processing/处理邮件

回忆要点:文章好像是说现在大家办公,处理邮件占据了很多时间,里面有引用别人发言,问题就是问作者想表达什么,答案我就都选了处理邮件浪费了员工大量时间。

16Old information/旧消息

回忆要点: 比较简单 问old information的特点,从文章最后一句选到contain more information

17Peasant and aristocrat/平民与贵族

回忆要点:

回忆1.考到一个要怎么样才能从peasant那边征税! 选项A单词不认识,纠结好久,选了那个有household的那个选项!感觉也不太对!

回忆2.那个A单词,应该是Aristocrat。但是有household的选项我没啥印象了。讲中世纪分化和向农民征税,难词很多,大意是 In the Middle Ages, the privileged classes are aristocracy and clergy. They had political power, and taxed peasants who were using these lands. They even purchased position of bishops and priests. On the other hand, peasants have lower social status, who were busy with producing and trading goods, and had little rights and no political power. 问 How could people tax peasants in the Middle Ages? 我选了 To purchase a clergy’s title 干扰 To executive an aristocrat 干扰 To produce goods

18Thoughts/想法

回忆要点:

回忆1.有一个很短的阅读说的是什么是Cognitive and thoughts. Cognitive 什么什么的决定了什么的思想 行动 情绪 之类的。Thoughts决定你此刻在想什么。题目问什么是Thoughts

回忆2.什么是thoughts我今天考了,我选:你此刻的mental status那个

19Women and children/妇女和儿童

That was partly because infant mortality was high. People had many children and accepted that not all of them would survive.

In the early 19th century a group of Evangelical Christians called the Clapham Sect were active in politics. They campaigned for an end to slavery and cruel sports. They gained their name because so many of them lived in Clapham. Organized religion was much more important in the 19th century than it is today. Nevertheless in 1851 a survey showed that only about 40% of the population were at church or chapel on a given Sunday. Even allowing for those who were ill or could not make it for some other reason it meant that half the population did not go to church.

Certainly many of the poor had little or no contact with the church. In 1881 a similar survey showed only about 13 of the population of England at church on a given Sunday. In the late 19th century organized religion was in decline in Britain.

During the 1800s the factory system gradually replaced the system of people working in their own homes or in small workshops. In England the textile industry was the first to be transformed. It employed many children. Unfortunately when children worked in textile factories they often worked for more than 12 hours a day. In the early 19th century parliament passed laws to restrict child labor. However they all proved to be unenforceable. The first effective law was passed in 1833. It was effective because for the first time factory inspectors were appointed to make sure the law was being obeyed. The new law banned children under 9 from working in textile factories. It said that children aged 9 to 13 must not work for more than 12 hours a day or 48 hours a week. Children aged 13 to 18 must not work for more than 69 hours a week. Furthermore nobody under 18 was allowed to work at night (from 8.30 pm to 5.30 am). Children aged 9 to 13 were to be given 2 hours education a day.

回忆要点:借楼回忆【19世纪 工业革命 关于妇女和child 工作】原文在 http://www.localhistories.org/19thcent.html 只不过 是分开取段落search: 从 that was partly because infant mortality was high开始 到讲child 工作几个小时

20Hero/英雄

回忆要点:讲一个远古时期对两个heroes的看法,我选的是authors 崇拜这两个人。 名字都挺长的 实在记不住

22. Password/密码 #4457 2018-07

回忆要点:设置密码,文章说虽然设置密码了,但是黑客还是能盗取信息,我选的是sophisticated method to盗取信息那个选项

21Graffiti/涂鸦

回忆要点:

回忆1.考到一个postgraduate 做的一个关于graffiti 的study,我选的是acclaim xxx那个,我估计我选错了,应该选consequence 那个选项,欢迎大神补充 Ms Rowles is studying graffiti tags to find a way of identifying the perpetrators and eventually building a statewide database of offenders and their tags. She says a common defence among taggers is to admit to one offence but deny multiple tags, claiming them to be forgeries. Her aim is to be able to disprove that tags can be forged, so that offenders can be prosecuted for multiple tags.

回忆2.前面说她是一个postgraduate 外做一个study,当时做这个题的时候是最后一题,但是生词太多选错了。当时在两个选项里纠结 1.acclaim artists 2.crime consequences 剩下两个选项直接排出了,这个题应该选2

22Protein/蛋白质 #4382 2018-07

回忆要点:第一段说muscle needs protein, that's why people need milk or nuts bar after exercises. 第二段说但是没有实验证明whether plant protein is as effective as meat.第三段说但根据美国近期一个研究,发现plant protein是有效的,which is a good news for vegetarian 问文章的观点是?选plant protein is proved to be as effective as meat protein.

23Thieves/小偷

回忆要点:刚考完这题很简单保对: 说防信用卡被偷了后盗刷,现在很多website require the billing address same with the mailing address, 所以你的信用卡即使被盗刷,小偷买的物品也只能寄去你家,这样小偷获得物品的概率非常小。问这主要是一个什么策略防盗刷,答案就选小偷拿到购买商品的利率很小。

24Decision/决策

回忆要点:考到一个讲到现在企业里有些人认为不作决策就会避免风险,后来举例子说英国怎么样,问题是选这篇文章的主旨是什么?纠结了好久,我最后选了做决定怎么也比不做好,有两个选项肯定是不对的,还有另外一个很有迷惑性,所以不确定答案,有大神考到的

25Engineering/工程

回忆要点:一个PhD和我一起做了关于 the economics of time use 的研究。This topic was considered as a classical social science subject. But now the engineerings find this discovery can be used to assist the invention of ... (IT的什么发明,很常见的,突然忘了) 问: 下列哪项正确? 选: Social science discoveries have a lot of contributions on engineering.

26World Wide Web/万维网

回忆要点:In the first years after the World Wide Web (WWW) has been invented, the ancient web owners had no control over what the web page would look like to readers. They could only decide which part would be the headline, and which part should be the straight text. They could only have options like bold and italic, but this was the end of it.

问: Why web designers were frustrated about the WWW in 19xx? 选: Because they were constrained (restrained) aboutthe presentation options.

27Venus/金星

回忆要点:考到一个Venus no intrinsic magnetic field/ internally generated magnetic field,但是reconnection之后有些影响为主题的单选,四个选项 我选了 最后一个D 因为说到对Venus的atmosphere可能会有很大影响。别的选项都有错误了

28John Robertson/约翰罗伯逊

When he was awarded an Honorary Degree by the University of Newcastle, even John Robertson himself must surely have looked back in wonder at his astonishing rise to success. The year was 1910, and those assembled were to hear not only of his generosity to the University, which enabled it to contribute to the pioneering research into tropical diseases being carried out at that time, but also of his humanitarian work in southern Africa, where he was ahead of his time in improving the working conditions of local mine workers. To those who knew John in his youth, it will have come as no surprise to hear of his success. He was now enjoying the rewards of the fierce determination, desire to succeed and extraordinary ability to acquire knowledge, which they had noticed in the young man. He was born in Africa. His abilities were evident at a young age. He studied medicine. He completed his degree in 1910.

29Jupiter/木星

Jupiter has 2-1/2 times more mass as compared to all other planets put together. Besides, its diameter is 11 times more than Earth's diameter. Because of its size, the scientists were also forced into believing that it became a star.

Gasses and dust contracted to build the planet and immense pressure was created by the gravitational forces along with tens of thousands of degrees of temperature. However, unlike the Sun, the unavailability of sufficient mass required to create the temperature which can initiate fusion reaction, Jupiter relatively got cooler over a period of time.

Comparison of Jupiter's temperature with other planets. Size of Jupiter compared to other planets. Jupiter's development as compared to Earth over a period. Jupiter's development as compared to sun.

30English Court/英国法院

人民对于英国法院不满的原因,应选: women get larger reward

31Orientation/方向

回忆要点:和Orientation同时的是:文章超长,挑着读的,看到一个选项是throughout semester给排除了,最后没时间了蒙的Sydney program

32Rocket/火箭 #4004 2018-05

回忆要点:问在…之前rocket的作用,文章最后提到了measure upper atmosphere和discovery X-ray,在选项study the earth和development of X-ray纠结,因为觉得development和discovery不一样就选了study earth

33Art/艺术

Many argue that art cannot be defined. We could go about this in several ways. Art is often considered as the process or product of deliberately arranging elements in a way that appeals to the senses or emotions. It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations and ways of expression, including music, literature, film, sculpture and paintings. The meaning of art is explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics. At least, that is what Wikipedia claims. Art is a difficult and complex form to explain. Wikipedia defines art under aesthetics, which is a branch of philosophy. Music, literature, film and sculpture do not define art. Art is directed in a way that it deliberately appeals to the emotions of people.

34High Quality Child Care/高质量的育儿

回忆要点:文章内容有:mothers found it difficult if extensive child care...还有关键字sensibility...文章最后一句话是,high quality child care depend on the investment from government for the public rather than mothers or child carers.问题是 high quality child care 的观点是?选项有:1. mothers-child relationship 2. 私人对child care的捐赠(干扰项) 3. 忘了

35Cheating/说谎

文章内容是 cheating is a kind of deception. 当你说谎时,你心里并不认同,所以你会表现出来,然后对方就能看出来。然后说 that is a lose of trust. that lead to deterioration of society 问题是 :短文对 deception的观点是? 答案是 deteriorate society

36Relationship research/关系分析

介绍relationship research,因为一般的实验需要耗费很多精力和时间,relationship research可以用在一般的实验前面,去发现一些重要因变量和一些变量的关系之类的,问题问这篇文章的目的是什么?答案选“介绍一个研究方法以及它的应用”。

37Orchid/兰花

关于 orchid 的养育问题,选: 分开放,加快通风,防止 fungi

38Counseling service/咨询服务

讲的是counseling service 里面有加粗字体,为啥意思?选: make them stand out

39Sculpture/雕像

举了一个建筑前的人物雕像的例子 说这个雕像可以被理解成不同的意思 选项也应该是选这个

42. Pluto/冥王星

回忆1.有一个问冥王星为什么从九大行星中择出去了 答案是因为它旁边和别的什么什么share...卫星?闹不清那单词啥意思

回忆2.回忆要点:给了一张宇宙的照片,讲为什么冥王星是矮行星而不是行星,大意是: There are three criteria to be a planet. Firstly, it should have a shape of ball. Secondly, it must be in orbit around the sun. And the last factor is that it cannot share with its “neighbourhood” around the orbit. Pluto meets the first two criteria, but not the last one. Pluto is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune. 后面重点讲研究员怎么发现 orbit of Pluto and Neptune 重合的。 问: According to IAU’s definition, why is Pluto currently considered as dwarf planet? 选: Pluto shares the orbit with Neptune. 干扰: Pluto has no shape of ball. 干扰: Pluto doesn’t orbit the sun. 干扰: Pluto is an asteroid.

40Market Economy/市场经济

回忆要点:农作物价格和市场经济,什么是市场经济。正确选项:一个supplier的供给多少并不会影响市场均价

41Artist/艺术家

Being one of his best works and he never again allowed his art to be influenced by contemporary politics. On the contrary, he had the utmost contempt for the age in which he lived, for its crass materialism and complacent belief in progress; and his art is almost entirely an attempt to escape from it. He escaped into the subjects of romantic poetry, in particular, that of Shakespeare, Byron, and Walter Scott. Some of his greatest pictures were inspired by Byron, and he had a Byronic power of self-identification with the forces of the sublime - in particular ‘the roaring of lions and the destructive sword’. Baudelaire said that when an idea shot through his mind his muscles quivered with impatience and his eyes shone like a tiger stalking its prey. At feeding time in the Paris Zoo, he was overwhelmed with happiness.

问题是:这一段能infer出什么?

A:这个艺术家的创作源于他年龄的变化

B:这个艺术家的创作在于他内在的思考

C:这个艺术家有strong emotion

D:这个艺术家创作来源于对动物的观察

42A Prestigious Man/一个名人

一个名人,他对religious不屑,对很多事务都不屑,甚至惹恼大众,他的作品朴实之类的。

选项有 1). 他的作品 artificial 2). 他的lyric朴实 3)...

43Safe Injection/安全疫苗注射

讲非洲打疫苗等,百分之多少的人能接受安全疫苗注射,百分之多少人和needle打针有关,愿望是希望每个人都 affordable to safe injection.

答案有:1.the majority of people can safe injection...2....

44White maize/白玉米

White maize为什么涨价,原因是总统变了,移民多了,种黄玉米有补贴,大部分吃黄玉米,价格涨了,所以大部分商家就开始买白玉米,应该选政策税收变了那个,时间紧张选项很tricky 要从文章中分析

45Infection Procedure/侵染程序

给了一堆在医院怎么隔离病人怎么洗床单怎么auditing 问这篇文章主旨 infection procedure

46Low-income/低收入的妈妈

纽约大学研究城市里低收入的妈妈是怎么培养孩子?

答案:带低收入妈妈的选项 mothers with low-income and working in urban cities.

47Perfect Competition/自由竞争

accounting background的大概都知道,就是perfect competition:大概就是因为市场 太大,所以一个人很难影响到整个市场,举了个例子,wheat farm,因为产量太大,一 个farmer无法通过reduce supply来提高价格。选项大概也是这个意思

48Journalist/记者

Journalist 和科学家风格的不同,应该是选reference的那个

49Gender Equality/男女平等

gender equality的重要性,给了三research,问中间那个讲什么?大概内容是女CEO的 公司或者有女董事的公司outperform答案:选项里面有leadership的那一个选项。有个迷惑选项是女员工多的公司 outperform

50Lock stock and Barrel/全部地

Lock stock and Barrel (全部地,一股脑地)

答案:选 completely

51Overseas Student Health Cover/海外学生医疗保险

有关澳大利亚OSHC保险的,那个正确?

答案:可以在一年里更换保险公司

52Darkness/黑暗

If humans were truly at home under the light of the moon and stars, we would go in darkness happily, the midnight world as visible to us as it is to the vast number of nocturnal species on this planet. Instead, we are diurnal creatures, with eyes adapted to living in the sun's light. This is a basic evolutionary fact, even though most of us don't think of ourselves as diurnal beings any more than we think of ourselves as primates or mammals or Earthlings. Yet it's the only way to explain what we've done to the night: We've engineered it to receive us by filling it with light.

问什么正确的 选项一个有说人是nocturnal 这个是错误的.

53Typical Prisoners/典型罪犯

给了一堆调查数据,以及总结出的prisoners的特点,问四个选项里哪个应该是比较typical的罪犯,答案:选年龄30+,坐牢3年以上的那个

54Speech Recognition/语音识别

尽管人们会disguise自己的声音,一种机器还是可以从微小的信息里识别出讲话者的sex和教育程度什么的。

55Successful people/成功人士

说一个做金融投资的经理,收入很高,个人品质之类的。最后让选他是一个什么样的人

答案:选unconventional

56Voting Machine/投票机

投票机是美国人发明的。西欧国家都不用,西欧依然使用传统的纸笔投票形式

另外两个使用投票机的国家是Holland和India

答案:选Voting Machine Distribution

57District/地区 #592 2017-04

回忆要点:No culture最高的地区,答案选80%的那个

58Literature review/查阅文献

有一个单选是讲,查阅文献的时候一定要看书籍的出版年代,然后问题是Purpose

答案:选 the book is old edition

59Crime and beyond routine/犯罪与逾矩

并不是所有的犯罪都是异常, 例如超速行驶。逃税是异常的。

答案:选speeding is not deviant

60Portraits/画像

哪些画像将被展示?

答案:选Unknown subjects

61Illiteracy rates/文盲率

回忆要点:问题:从这篇文章里来看, 哪些人群更需要了解和解决文盲政策? 答案:选woman from central and south Asia干扰选项:man from..(incorrect, man has 1/3 illiteracy rates, while woman has 2/3); woman from xxx, country(incorrect)

62Home education/家庭教育

母亲们认为教育是为了她们的女儿们好

答案:their focus should be on home issues

干扰选项:1. they envy their daughters (incorrect) 2. they want them to school education (incorrect)

63Enterprise operations/企业运作

It is understandable that management avoid risk-taking behavior, but doing nothing is no way better.然后说到很多企业倒闭和企业被转手到国外公司。

答案:选doing nothing is not always better than taking transitions这个选项

64Magazine writers and journalists/杂志作家与记者

答案:Differences in referencing style(引用风格的差异)

65Magnetic field/磁场

一个与磁场相关的现象

Venus(金星)没有磁场

金星在大概几亿年前周围是有一层什么东西保护着的

答案:altering the surrounding atmosphere of Venus(Magnetic field in Venus changed the atmosphere,选跟这句相关的)

66Languages/语言 #583 2017-04

Languages are disappearing in Australia, because a native began to speak English

保存语言的method是record video book(录制视频书籍)

答案:和record video book有关的选项

67Lecture/讲座

男女对话,男的抱怨课程表Monday上讲座,一周五天classes everyday女的表示这没什么稀奇的

答案:选跟“课程排得满很正常”这个意思有关的一项

68Climate change/气候变化

Every day millions of lights and computers are left on in deserted offices, apartments, and houses. Environmental activists say that simply switching them off could cut Sydney's greenhouse gas emissions by five percent over the next year. Per capita, Australia is one of the world's largest producers of carbon dioxide and other gases that many scientists believe are helping to warm the Earth's atmosphere, causing climate upset. A long-standing drought and serious water shortages in Australia have focused much attention on climate change. Some experts warn higher temperatures could leave this nation of 20 million people at the mercy of more severe droughts and devastating tropical cyclones.

Gas emissions

Environmental activists

Carbon dioxide

Drought

69Artists/艺术家

The artists were not a rich man's frivolous addition to his entourage but an essential part of a scientific team in the age before photography. Their principal task was to draw the specimens that the scientists collected. Although the naturalists, such as Banks, intended to preserve some of their specimens and take them home to England, it would not be practical to do so with all of them. Banks also expected to dissect certain animals, and the artists would preserve a record of this work. In addition to their scientific drawings, Banks wanted the artists to sketch the people and places they visited.

Dissecting specimens was not as useful as taking them to England.

Naturalists themselves were often talented artists.

Photography eventually made scientific expeditions more productive.

Artists performed a variety of tasks in early scientific explorations.

70Photography/摄影

讲发明了 photography 后,人们用来 holiday, leisure, store memory, 另外还反应了 hidden reality, such as wars and inaccessible inhabitant.

问题:photography 独特的作用

答案:选reveal something people don’t know (大概就是这个意思,是 hidden reality 的同义)

71Female leadership/女性领导力

Companies with 30 percent female executives rake in as much as six percentage points more in profits, according to a study on Monday, feeding into a global debate over the scarcity of women in decision-making business roles. The results indicate the presence of women in corporate leadership positions can boost a firm’s performance, suggesting a reward for policies that facilitate women rising through corporate ranks. But the study found while having women in executive ranks resulted in better profitability, female CEOs or board members did not have a statistically significant impact on the bottom line.What’s the result of the research?

答案:选more female in leadership tend to generate more profits

72Computer Games/电脑游戏

电脑游戏(有GO的,类似 alphago),有三个选项,各是“未来会超越人类” “未来可能会超越人类”和“未来不可能超越人类”

答案:选 “未来有可能超越人类“ 的那个意思的选项

73Scientists/科学家

Scientists做科学研究,问哪些women are investigated?

答案: women from a wide range; women from rural areas

74Home-working/在家工作

文章说现在很多人home-working, 但是有很多顾虑,穿着睡衣工作不是很好,问括号里的话有什么含义?

答案:选答案里有home-working的那个选项

75Allusive/暗指

问allusive是什么意思?

allusive的意思:暗指的;引用典故的

备选选项:1.fleeting 2. motivate 3. persuasive 4. suggestive或是implicit 5. realistic

76Communication/交流

问科学的实验和艺术的共同点,提到communicate, 说他们是可以互相交流的

答案:类似这个意思

77Power/能力

有一个古老的地方 D 开头的然后问为啥那个组织有power?

答案:应该是选那个带law的,因为block message of law在文中有rules和secrecy,对应block。

78Submitting a paper/交作业

You can only submit a paper by entering into the 'classroom' of a class in which you are enrolled. Enter the classroom by clicking on the class name in your class portfolio. Your classroom page is divided into two broad sections: to the left is your assignment list and to the right is your portfolio.

In your assignment list, to the right of the assignment that you must submit, you will see an icon of a document beneath the submit column. Click this to submit an assignment. You will now be asked to attach your assignment.

Before you submit your assignment, you will need to copy the following declaration and paste at the top of your title page:I declare that this assignment is original and has not been submitted for assessment elsewhere, and acknowledge that the assessor of this assignment may, for the purpose of assessing this assignment:

1.reproduce this assignment and provide a copy to another member of faculty; and(or)

2.communicate a copy of this assignment to a plagiarism checking service (which may then retain a copy of this assignment on its database for the purpose of future plagiarism checking).

assignments being misplaced by university staff

students copying others' work

overcrowding in classrooms at peak times

the poor quality of English expression in assignments

79Essay/论文

为什么学生一直在自己的 essay 里面重复已经说过的东西,他们这样做to meet the ten pages requirement?

答案:选:increase the length of the assignment

80Cognitive awareness/认知知觉

回忆要点:纽约大学研究城市里低收入的妈妈是怎么培养孩子?

答案:带低收入妈妈的选项mothers with low-income and working in urban cities

81Written sources/写作材料

Social scientists use particular methods to gather qualitative evidence, from observation to interview, but they also use autobiographical accounts, journalism, and other documentary material to flesh out and add meaning to statistics. As with reading numbers, reading textual evidence requires us to practice, to set time aside to learn how to do it, and to understand the conventions of writing which operate in the different forms of writing we encounter. One of the main problems with reading textual evidence, though, is that, unlike the relationship most of us have with

numbers where we may use them at a pretty basic level, most of us are, if anything, over-familiar with words. When we want to understand their value as social science evidence we need to forget how familiar we are with first person accounts and everyday speech - for example, in newspapers, magazines, and books - and learn a different approach to them.

Social scientists use observation, interviews and even print journalism as evidence for the claims they make. They may collect evidence through questionnaires with pre-set questions and by open-ended interviews which allow respondents to speak for themselves. They may observe social relations explicitly as social scientists or may participate themselves in a particular community to gain 'inside' information.

Social scientists also draw on print journalism on occasion and may use the same sources, for example official statistics, and the work of other social scientists to support their claims. We need to remember, though, that journalists do not need to present the same rigorous referencing and support for their claims as social scientists are required to do. Most importantly, newspaper and magazine articles are written under commercial pressures; for example they must help to sell the newspaper by being deliberately provocative, or by reflecting the dominant views

of its readers.

formulate questionnaires and interview questions.

advise them on how to collect qualitative evidence.

add information to other data they have collected.

change their understanding of numbers.




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